National Institute for Learning Development - NILD

Learning Disabilities – Causes, Effects & Diagnosis

What Causes a Learning Disability?

Some learning disabilities appear to be passed down from generation to generation. Occasionally certain medical conditions, such as neurological illnesses or chronic childhood ear infections, may also alter the neurological development or structure of the brain as well, creating a learning disability.

Environmental factors such as cultural deprivation or parenting and teaching styles may heighten the impact of a neurological deficit, but they are not the cause.

 How Does a Learning Disability Affect Life?

A learning disability involves the foundational perceptual and thinking skills that allow us to operate in life. Thus, just as a sore or injured muscle will cause difficulty wherever that muscle is required for physical movement, so a learning disability will affect a person’s life wherever that skill is required.

For example, a person who has difficulty keeping things in a sequence may have trouble keeping in order words and letters in reading, spelling, and writing; keeping numbers in order in math; keeping track of a class schedule; completing long-range assignments, such as a term paper; and following directions. A memory deficit can cause problems with taking notes in class; remembering homework assignments, spelling or vocabulary; recalling information studied for tests; remembering basic math facts, phone numbers, addresses, locker combinations, people’s names, appointments, etc.

How Is a Learning Disability Diagnosed?

A psycho-educational battery of formal and informal tests is used to determine patterns of strength and weakness as compared to intellectual ability.

Welcome to NILD

Whatever the reason that brought you to our website ~ we are glad you have found us! NILD’s website was designed for you – the seeker, the parent, the educator – to get accurate information on learning disabilities, dyslexia, and […]

Benefits of Cursive Handwriting

Handwriting is Boeing 747 Technology

One of the most hotly debated topics in education these days is the issue of handwriting.  Mr. Shapiro, a journalist for the Washington Post, wrote an article titled “Cursive Foiled by Technology” on April 4, 2013.  The handwriting/keyboarding debate is […]

March webinar: NILD Annual testing: Anecdotal Evidence and Data-Driven Progress

NILD Annual testing: Anecdotal Evidence and Data-Driven Progress March 10th @ 12 pm EST Priced at $35 Overview: Reviewing all the elements of the annual testing battery, using Error Analysis on the informal assessments, incorporating graphs […]

February Telepractice Workshop

Telepractice Training February 26th 12-2 pm EST Telepractice can transform your practice. Maintaining the standards and procedures of each NILD educational therapy session is crucial, so this training will focus on specific guidelines for how the integrity of […]

February Webinar

Personalized Strategies for Building Success Skills Featuring Dr. Alan Arroyo and Dr. George Selig February 19th at 12 pm EST Priced at $35 Main Objective for the webinar: To equip the participant to choose success skills […]

Northeast Regional Conference

Northeast Regional Conference Examining the Role of Cognition in Meeting the Needs of Students with Learning Disabilities March 26-28, 2020 Location: Calvary Church, 1051 Landis Valley Road, Lancaster, PA 17601 Saturday, March 26 – 8:30-9:55 am Conference Welcome/General Session 1 The Role […]

Northwest Regional Conference 

Northwest Regional Conference Examining the Role of Cognition in Meeting the Needs of Students with Learning Disabilities February 20-22, 2020 Location: Joshua Institute 2150 W. Cherry Lane Meridian, ID 83642 Saturday, February 22nd – 8:30-9:55 am Conference Welcome/General Session 1The Role of Cognition […]

South-East Regional Conference: Examining the Role of Cognition in Meeting the Needs of Students with Learning Disabilities

South-East Regional Conference: Examining the Role of Cognition in Meeting the Needs of Students with Learning Disabilities February 6-8, 2020 Location: Foundation Academy 125 E Plant Street Winter Garden, FL 34787 Saturday, February 8th – 8:30-9:55 am Conference Welcome/General Session […]

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