National Institute for Learning Development - NILD

Learning Disabilities – Causes, Effects & Diagnosis

What Causes a Learning Disability?

Some learning disabilities appear to be passed down from generation to generation. Occasionally certain medical conditions, such as neurological illnesses or chronic childhood ear infections, may also alter the neurological development or structure of the brain as well, creating a learning disability.

Environmental factors such as cultural deprivation or parenting and teaching styles may heighten the impact of a neurological deficit, but they are not the cause.

 How Does a Learning Disability Affect Life?

A learning disability involves the foundational perceptual and thinking skills that allow us to operate in life. Thus, just as a sore or injured muscle will cause difficulty wherever that muscle is required for physical movement, so a learning disability will affect a person’s life wherever that skill is required.

For example, a person who has difficulty keeping things in a sequence may have trouble keeping in order words and letters in reading, spelling, and writing; keeping numbers in order in math; keeping track of a class schedule; completing long-range assignments, such as a term paper; and following directions. A memory deficit can cause problems with taking notes in class; remembering homework assignments, spelling or vocabulary; recalling information studied for tests; remembering basic math facts, phone numbers, addresses, locker combinations, people’s names, appointments, etc.

How Is a Learning Disability Diagnosed?

A psycho-educational battery of formal and informal tests is used to determine patterns of strength and weakness as compared to intellectual ability.

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Join NILD’s New Online Workshop!

Learn more about how to become an NILD Teletherapist! Four training dates to choose from (all times Eastern): May 1, 2017 (3pm – 5pm) May 22, 2017 (10am – 12pm) June 26, 2017 (4pm – 6pm) August 28, 2017 (4pm […]

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Welcome to NILD

Whatever the reason that brought you to our website ~ we are glad you have found us! NILD’s website was designed for you – the seeker, the parent, the educator – to get accurate information on learning disabilities, dyslexia, and […]

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April 26th Webinar: Response to Intervention (RTI) and NILD Services presented by Susan Stanley, Ed.D.

  Click here for more information and to register! Early bird discounts are available but they won’t last long! LEARN what Response to Intervention (RTI) and a Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) is and how these […]

ACSI Affinity Partner Program

ACSI Affinity Partnership

ACSI proudly presents its Strategic Partnership Program, which includes companies carefully chosen to benefit ACSI members schools and to assist these schools in accomplishing their life-changing missions. ACSI’s goal is to proactively build long-term relationships with entities that […]

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2017 NILD Summer Courses

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