National Institute for Learning Development - NILD

What Are the Types of Learning Disabilities?

Types of Learning Disabilities

Although learning deficits are as individual as thumbprints, most disabilities fall into the three basic categories:  dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia.

Dyslexia

“Dys” means difficulty with and “lexia” means words – thus “difficulty with words”. Originally the term “Dyslexia” referred to a specific learning deficit that hindered a person’s ability to read. More recently, however, it has been used as a general term referring to the broad category of language deficits that often includes the ability to hear and manipulate sounds in words as well as the ability to read and spell words accurately and fluently. When breakdowns occur in these foundational reading skills, dyslexic students often struggle to understand what they read as well as develop vocabulary at a slower rate.

Dysgraphia

“Dys” means difficulty with and “graphia” means writing – thus “difficulty with writing”.  The term dysgraphia refers to more than simply having poor handwriting. This term refers to those who struggle with the motor skills necessary to write thoughts on paper, spelling, and the thinking skills needed for vocabulary retrieval, clarity of thought, grammar, and memory.

Dyscalculia

“Dys” means difficulty with and “calculia” means calculations and mathematics – thus “difficulty with calculations and mathematics”. This term refers to those who struggle with basic number sense and early number concepts as well as have difficulties with math calculations and math reasoning.

These deficits can affect the following skills and academic areas:

Skill Areas

  • Visual / Auditory Perception
  • Visual / Auditory Memory
  • Visual / Auditory Sequencing
  • Visual-Motor Coordination
  • Spatial Relations (Sense of space)
  • Temporal Relations (Sense of time)
  • Abstract / Logical Thinking

Academic Areas

  • Spelling
  • Reading (decoding/comprehension)
  • Writing (handwriting/expression)
  • Math Computation & Application
Screen Shot 2017-04-20 at 9.00.06 AM

Join NILD’s New Online Workshop!

Learn more about how to become an NILD Teletherapist! Four training dates to choose from (all times Eastern): May 1, 2017 (3pm – 5pm) May 22, 2017 (10am – 12pm) June 26, 2017 (4pm – 6pm) August 28, 2017 (4pm […]

NILD-welcome

Welcome to NILD

Whatever the reason that brought you to our website ~ we are glad you have found us! NILD’s website was designed for you – the seeker, the parent, the educator – to get accurate information on learning disabilities, dyslexia, and […]

apple-256263_640

July 27th Webinar~In Through the Eye, Out Through the Hand presented by Shannon Kuschel, NILD PCET and Licensed Professional Counselor

REGISTER NOW for the July 27th webinar @2pm EST Webinar Description: Join us for this 60-minute webinar (including Q&A) as we discuss how to develop and strategically use visual-motor integration to positively impact your students’ learning […]

ACSI Affinity Partner Program

ACSI Affinity Partnership

ACSI proudly presents its Strategic Partnership Program, which includes companies carefully chosen to benefit ACSI members schools and to assist these schools in accomplishing their life-changing missions. ACSI’s goal is to proactively build long-term relationships with entities that […]

nild_courses

2017 NILD Summer Courses

Register for Summer Courses Now!

OWA