National Institute for Learning Development - NILD

What Are the Types of Learning Disabilities?

Types of Learning Disabilities

Although learning deficits are as individual as thumbprints, most disabilities fall into the three basic categories:  dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia.

Dyslexia

“Dys” means difficulty with and “lexia” means words – thus “difficulty with words”. Originally the term “Dyslexia” referred to a specific learning deficit that hindered a person’s ability to read. More recently, however, it has been used as a general term referring to the broad category of language deficits that often includes the ability to hear and manipulate sounds in words as well as the ability to read and spell words accurately and fluently. When breakdowns occur in these foundational reading skills, dyslexic students often struggle to understand what they read as well as develop vocabulary at a slower rate.

Dysgraphia

“Dys” means difficulty with and “graphia” means writing – thus “difficulty with writing”.  The term dysgraphia refers to more than simply having poor handwriting. This term refers to those who struggle with the motor skills necessary to write thoughts on paper, spelling, and the thinking skills needed for vocabulary retrieval, clarity of thought, grammar, and memory.

Dyscalculia

“Dys” means difficulty with and “calculia” means calculations and mathematics – thus “difficulty with calculations and mathematics”. This term refers to those who struggle with basic number sense and early number concepts as well as have difficulties with math calculations and math reasoning.

These deficits can affect the following skills and academic areas:

Skill Areas

  • Visual / Auditory Perception
  • Visual / Auditory Memory
  • Visual / Auditory Sequencing
  • Visual-Motor Coordination
  • Spatial Relations (Sense of space)
  • Temporal Relations (Sense of time)
  • Abstract / Logical Thinking

Academic Areas

  • Spelling
  • Reading (decoding/comprehension)
  • Writing (handwriting/expression)
  • Math Computation & Application

Welcome to NILD

Whatever the reason that brought you to our website ~ we are glad you have found us! NILD’s website was designed for you – the seeker, the parent, the educator – to get accurate information on learning disabilities, dyslexia, and […]

Benefits of Cursive Handwriting

Handwriting is Boeing 747 Technology

One of the most hotly debated topics in education these days is the issue of handwriting.  Mr. Shapiro, a journalist for the Washington Post, wrote an article titled “Cursive Foiled by Technology” on April 4, 2013.  The handwriting/keyboarding debate is […]

The Neuropsychology of Stress, Trauma, and Emotional Dysfunction

The Neuropsychology of Stress, Trauma, and Emotional Dysfunction By Steven G. Feifer, D.Ed., NCSP, ABSNP This webinar will explore the neural underpinnings of stress, trauma, and emotional dysfunction in children and its relative impact upon learning. […]

Using Title II Funding for Training – January Webinar

Using Title II Funds for Training Would you or your school faculty be interested in learning more about Growth-Mindset, Sense of Belonging and Self-Efficacy as it relates to academic achievement? Does your school have access to […]

December Webinar – Reading & Reaching Your Students

Reading & Reaching Your Students Why is it that with some students everything seems to “click” but other students are such a struggle to understand or reach? They are physically present, but their souls seem to […]

Announcing our Northwest Regional Conference in Washington State!

We are happy to introduce our 2019 Northwest regional conference in WA.  Social-Emotional Development: Addressing the Non-Cognitive Factors that Shape Thinking and Learning March 7-9, 2019 at Bellevue Christian School, 1701 98th Ave NE, Clyde Hill, WA 98004 Register by February 7th, 2019 […]

Announcing our South Eastern Regional Conference in Winter Garden, FL

We are happy to introduce our 2019 South-Eastern regional conference in FL.  Social-Emotional Development: Addressing the Non-Cognitive Factors that Shape Thinking and Learning February 7-9, 2019 at Foundation Academy, 125 E. Plant Street, Winter Garden, FL 34787 Register by January 16th, […]

Announcing Our South-Central Regional Conference

We are happy to introduce our 2019 South-Central regional conference in TX.  Social-Emotional Development: Addressing the Non-Cognitive Factors that Shape Thinking and Learning January 10-12, 2019 at The Woodlands Christian Academy, 5800 Academy Way, The Woodlands, TX 77384    Register […]

OWA